(a) Direct Contempt. A contempt may be punished summarily if the court saw or heard the conduct constituting the contempt committed in the presence of the court. The judgment of guilt of contempt must include a recital of those facts upon which the adjudication of guilt is based. Prior to the adjudication of guilt the court must inform the person accused of the accusation and inquire as to whether there is any cause to show why he or she should not be adjudged guilty of contempt by the court and sentenced. The accused must be given the opportunity to present evidence of excusing or mitigating circumstances. The judgment must be signed by the court and entered of record. Sentence must be pronounced in open court.
(b) Indirect Contempt. An indirect contempt must be prosecuted in the following manner:
(1) Order to Show Cause. The court on its own motion or upon affidavit of any person having knowledge of the facts may issue and sign an order directed to the one accused of contempt, stating the essential facts constituting the contempt charged and requiring the accused to appear before the court to show cause why he or she should not be held in contempt of court. The order must specify the time and place of the hearing, with a reasonable time allowed for the preparation of a defense after service of the order on the one accused. It must be served in the same manner as a summons. Nothing herein shall be construed to prevent the one accused of contempt from waiving the service of process.
(2) Motions; Answer. The accused, personally or by counsel, may move to dismiss the order to show cause, move for a statement of particulars, or answer such order by way of explanation or defense. All motions and the answer must be in writing unless specified otherwise by the court. The accused’s omission to file a motion or answer shall not be deemed an admission of guilt of the contempt charged.
(3) Order of Arrest; Bail. The court may issue an order of arrest of the one accused of contempt if the court has reason to believe the accused will not appear in response to the order to show cause. The accused is entitled to bail in the manner provided by law in criminal cases.
(4) Arraignment; Hearing. The accused may be arraigned at the hearing, or prior thereto upon request. A hearing to determine the guilt or innocence of the accused must follow a plea of not guilty. The court may conduct a hearing without assistance of counsel or may be assisted by the state attorney or by an attorney appointed for the purpose. The accused is entitled to be represented by counsel, have compulsory process for the attendance of witnesses, and may testify in his or her own defense. All issues of law and fact must be determined by the court.
(5) Disqualification of the Judge. If the contempt charged involves disrespect to or criticism of a judge, the judge must be disqualified by the chief judge of the circuit.
(6) Verdict; Judgment. At the conclusion of the hearing the court must sign and enter of record a judgment of guilty or not guilty. There should be included in a judgment of guilty a recital of the facts constituting the contempt of which the accused has been found and adjudicated guilty.
(7) Sentence. Prior to the pronouncement of sentence the court must inform the accused of the accusation and judgment against him or her and inquire as to whether there is any cause to show why sentence should not be pronounced. The accused must be afforded the opportunity to present evidence of mitigating circumstances. The sentence must be pronounced in open court and in the presence of the one found guilty of contempt.