(a) Hearing by Judge. A judge shall conduct an informal hearing on the petition within the time limits provided by law and these rules. General magistrates and special magistrates shall not hear a petition for a judicial waiver.
(b) Evidence. The judge shall hear evidence relating to the emotional development, maturity, intellect, and understanding of the minor, and all other relevant evidence.
(c) Burdens of Proof.
(1) A finding that the minor is sufficiently mature to decide whether to terminate her pregnancy requires proof by clear and convincing evidence.
(2) A finding that the minor is a victim of child abuse or sexual abuse inflicted by one or both of her parents or a legal guardian requires proof by a preponderance of the evidence.
(3) A finding that notice to and consent or consent only from a parent or legal guardian is not in the best interests of the minor requires proof by clear and convincing evidence.
(d) Time Limits. As provided by law:
(1) Cases commenced under this rule take precedence over other pending matters as necessary to ensure that the court can make its ruling and issue written findings of fact and conclusions of law within 3 business days of the filing of the petition.
(2) The 3-business-day time limit may be extended at the request of the minor; however, the court remains under an obligation to rule on the petition as soon as practically possible.
(3) If the court fails to rule within the 3-business-day period and an extension has not been requested by the minor, the minor may immediately thereafter petition the chief judge of the circuit for a hearing. The chief judge must ensure that a hearing is held within 48 hours after receipt of the minor’s petition, and an order is entered within 24 hours after the hearing.
(e) Confidentiality of Hearings. Hearings under this part shall be closed to the public and all records thereof shall remain confidential as provided by law. Persons other than the petitioner may be permitted to attend the hearing at the request of the petitioner. The court shall advise all persons in attendance that the hearing is confidential. Subject to a judge’s availability as required under law, hearings held under this part must be held in chambers or in a similarly private and informal setting within the courthouse.