The following definitions apply:
(a) “Cancellation” means the act of declaring a driver license void and terminated.
(b) “Clerk” means clerk of the initiating court or trial court.
(c) “Counsel” means any attorney who represents a defendant.
(d) “Court” means any circuit or county court to which these rules apply and the judge thereof or any civil traffic hearing officer program and the traffic hearing officer thereof.
(e) “Charging document” means any information, uniform traffic citation, complaint affidavit, or any other manner of charging a criminal traffic offense under law.
(f) “Criminal traffic offense” means a violation that may subject a defendant upon conviction to incarceration, within the jurisdiction of a court to which these rules apply.
(g) “Department” means the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, defined in section 20.24, Florida Statutes, or the appropriate division thereof.
(h) “Disqualification” means a prohibition, other than an out-of-service order, that precludes a person from driving a commercial motor vehicle.
(i) “Infraction” means a noncriminal traffic violation that is not punishable by incarceration and for which there is no right to a trial by jury or a right to court-appointed counsel.
(j) “Infraction requiring a mandatory hearing” refers to an infraction listed in section 318.19, Florida Statutes, which requires an appearance before a designated official at the time and location of the scheduled hearing.
(k) “Judge” means any judicial officer elected or appointed by the governor authorized by law to preside over a court to which these rules apply.
(l) “Law” includes the constitutions of the United States and the State of Florida, statutes, ordinances, judicial decisions, and these rules.
(m) “Oath” includes affirmations.
(n) “Officer” means any enforcement officer charged with and acting under authority to arrest or cite persons suspected or known to be violating the statutes or ordinances regulating the operation of equipment or vehicles or the regulation of traffic.
(o) “Official” means any state judge or traffic hearing officer authorized by law to preside over a court or at a hearing adjudicating traffic infractions.
(p) “Open court” means in a courtroom, whether virtual or physical, and includes a judge’s or traffic hearing officer’s chambers of suitable judicial decorum.
(q) “Out-of-service order” means a prohibition issued by an authorized local, state, or Federal Government official that precludes a person from driving a commercial motor vehicle.
(r) “Prosecutor” means any state attorney or any attorney who represents a state, state or local agency, county, city, town, or village in the prosecution of a defendant for the violation of a statute or ordinance.
(s) “Revocation” means the termination of a licensee’s privilege to drive.
(t) “Suspension” means the temporary withdrawal of a licensee’s privilege to drive a motor vehicle.
(u) “Suspension or revocation equivalent status” is a designation for a person who does not have a driver license or driving privilege but would qualify for suspension or revocation of his or her driver license or driving privilege if licensed. The department may designate a person as having suspension or revocation equivalent status in the same manner as it is authorized to suspend or revoke a driver license or driving privilege by law.
(v) “Traffic hearing officer” means an official appointed under the civil traffic infraction hearing officer program who shall have the power to adjudicate civil traffic infractions subject to certain exceptions.
(w) “Victim” is any person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term “victim” includes the victim’s lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, except upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim.
(x) “Warrant” includes capias.